Industrial Milk Production

The Numbers

Brazil is the third largest producer of cow milk in the world, behind the USA and India, yet still imports more dairy products than it exports. In 2017 Brazil produced 30 billion liters of milk and the number of milked cows was over 11.5 million, according to the IBGE Agricultural Census.

Sources: Annual figures of Milk 2019 Embrapa and Agricultural Census IBGE 2017

Main Issues

THE NATURAL LIFESPAN OF A DAIRY COW IS 15-20 YEARS, BUT DUE TO THE INCESSANT CYCLE OF FORCED REPRODUCTION, COWS ON DAIRY FARMS LIVE AROUND 4 YEARS

Proposals for Improvement

Require breeds with less health disorders

Ban the use of hormones and additives that increase production

Apply sexing techniques or avoid the disposal of healthy male calves

Provide processes and techniques that cause less suffering

Reduce the density of animals in barns

Provide enrichment of the living environment

Acquire certification on animal welfare

Commitments

Various food companies that use products of animal origin, such as eggs and pork, have made public commitments to adopt animal welfare measures in their production chain. See what these commitments are.

Laying hens